Between 1957 and 1962, the UK and USA tested 33 nuclear devices at Malden and Kiritimati (Christmas) Islands, now part of the Republic of Kiribati. British, Fijian, New Zealand and American veterans of the testing program and I-Kiribati civilians who lived on Kiritimati claim their health (as well as their descendants’) was adversely affected by exposure to ionizing radiation. Their concerns are supported by independent medical research. However, analysis of the ongoing humanitarian, human rights and environmental impact of nuclear weapons testing at Kiritimati and Malden Islands has been inadequate. The 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), which Kiribati has signed but not yet ratified, obligates assistance to victims and remediation of contaminated environments, including those affected by the Christmas and Malden Islands nuclear tests. The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) was awarded the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize for the role of its advocacy in achieving the treaty.
- 43,000 military and civilian personnel from the US, UK, New Zealand and Fiji participated in the UK and US nuclear weapons tests in and around Kiribati; family members and dignitaries also visited
- The 500 I-Kiribati civilians living on Kiritimati during the tests received little protection
- There are at least 48 first generation survivors in Kiribati, plus 800 children and grandchildren of survivors
- Many military and civilian survivors have health problems consistent with exposure to radiation; descendants also report multi-generational health problems
- The tests killed thousands of birds and fish. The environmental impact of the nuclear tests has not been adequately analyzed
The report recommends that Kiribati and the international community should:
- Sign and RATIFY the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons
- Assess and RESPOND to the humanitarian needs of survivors, especially at Kiritimati
- Survey and REMEDIATE contaminated environments at Kiritimati and Malden Islands
- RESPECT, protect and fulfill the human rights of nuclear test survivors
- RETELL the stories of the humanitarian and environmental impact of the tests
To read the full report, click here.
For a related report on the impact of the Kiritimati and Malden Island tests on Fijian veterans, click here.
For a general overview of the global humanitarian, human rights and environmental impact of nuclear weapons use and testing, click here.