A summary of Pace University International Disarmament Institute research on strengthening positive obligations in the draft Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty has been accepted as an official working paper by the UN negotiating conference.
The working paper recommends:
- Strengthening the human rights and environmental framing of the preamble, particularly regarding the impact on victims, indigenous peoples, gender equality and sustainable development,
- Making victim assistance an obligation and elaborating further on its necessary activities and institutional arrangements,
- Making environmental remediation an obligation and elaborating further on its necessary activities and institutional arrangements,
- Including a risk reduction education obligation in the environmental remediation provision,
- Establishing obligations to promote and universalize the norms stigmatizing nuclear weapons, condemn violations and support disarmament education,
- Specifying further the types of national implementation measures to be put in place including legal, administrative and other measures,
- Adding transparency and reporting obligations to ensure accountability in implementation,
- Specifying further international cooperation and assistance measures, including the establishment of a voluntary trust fund to aid implementation of positive obligations and other provisions.